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High Seas MPAs in the Northeast Atlantic in the Northeast Atlantic

This brochure presents Marine Protected Areas that have been designated in waters beyond national jurisdictions by the OSPAR Commission. This document recalls how these MPAs were created, and the consequent recommendations for their management. The French Agency for Marine Protected Areas is involved in all these steps and this document intends in particular to inform relevant administrations and stakeholders to facilitate the implementation at national level of the recommendations for the management of these MPAs.

Document date : 11/2014

Agoa: protecting marine mammals in the French West Indies

The Agoa sanctuary aims to ensure good marine mammal conservation by protecting both the mammals and their habitats from the direct or indirect, potential or proven, adverse impacts of human activities.
Action is guided by five principles set out in the declaration establishing the sanctuary : protect, understand, share, inform and cooperate.

Document date : 11/2014

Marine protected areas in French Polynesia

Since 1971, French Polynesia, according to its local jurisdiction, has been setting up marine protected areas with multiple goals (protected areas, PGEM marine area management plan) but also regulated fi shing areas which contribute to a better marine area management.

Meanwhile, some areas are internationally recognized and awarded by UNESCO’s “Man and Biosphere” program (Fakarava atolls) and by the RAMSAR convention on the international importance of wetlands (Moorea lagoon).
French Polynesia also host traditional community-based management measures such as the “Rahui”, which are still used nowadays in Rapa and Maiao, for instance.

Finally, French Polynesia has marine sanctuaries covering the entire waters under national jurisdiction for marine mammals and sharks.

Document date : 11/2014

French Polynesia’s Educational managed marine areas

An Educational Managed Marine Areas is a coastal zone which has a local and participatory management led by children. It is an initiative which involves pupils in a citizen action project of marine environment protection.

Document date : 11/2014

Marine protected areas dashboard

As soon as they are established, marine protected areas have the responsibility for effectively protecting the marine environment. As a result of their legal status, some marine protected areas may have broader goals, extending beyond nature conservation, such as sustainably developing professional or leisure activities, or preserving cultural heritage or a maritime identity. Alone, a marine protected area (MPA) has a local, and limited, range of action. Marine environment conservation must be addressed on several scales – local, regional and national – hence the importance of creating a coherent, representative and effective network of MPAs. Maritime nations have a major responsibility in these matters.

Document date : 11/2014

Agenda 2020: International Marine Protected Areas Network

The purpose of this initiative is to build and strengthen current work on the global marine protected areas network for 2020 and beyond. This is in order to assist governments and agencies in facilitating and completing the establishment of coherent and efficient networks of marine protected areas and marine conservation measures at all scales, be they national, regional and global scales.

Document date : 11/2014

IMPAC 3 - Executive summary

The oceans cover 72% of the Earth’s surface, and the High seas (Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction – ABNJ) represent almost 60% of the world’s oceans and are at the heart of supporting life on Earth. Marine ecosystems provide vital services: securing food, developing economies and regulating the global climate, to name but a few. Oceans are the largest and oldest carbon sinks on Earth as 55 % of all biologically sequestered carbon is captured by marine organisms. Although more difficult to measure, other benefits; science, culture, education, recreation and well-being, are just as essential. Yet the oceans are under threat by multiple human and natural causes including overfishing, pollution, habitat destruction and acidification.

Document date : 11/2014

Coral sea nature park

At the heart of the Coral Sea, the large ocean areas of the New Caledonian Maritime Space -which represent 98% of the territory-, comprise scattered “remote islands” and an important collection of coral reefs still not well known, despite ancestral habits in some of these parts.

Document date : 11/2014

Marine mammal monitoring - Overseas territories

France is responsible for the world’s second largest Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) with more than 11 million km2 of surface area. In particular, waters located around the overseas départements and territories account for most of this area and comprise many remarkable tropical habitats and species.

The Agence des aires marines protégées is currently carrying out a significant effort in the overseas waters to inventory, monitor and conserve the natural marine environment in the zone.

Document date : 05/2014

Press release - Creation o f the Coral Sea natural park - 23 april 2014

The decree for creating the Coral Sea natural park was adopted on April 23, 2014 during the convocation of the Government of New Caledonia.
“It gives me great satisfaction to see the establishment of Coral Sea Natural Park today. Since taking office, my government is fully mobilized so that New Caledonia adopts an integrated policy for managing marine areas under its joint responsibility with the state.” said President Harold Martin.

Document date : 04/2014