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COP 21 : MPAs contribution to science and knowledge on climate change
The MPA Agency Partnership would addressed to COP 21 that Marine Protected Areas are a key tool for marine biodiversity conservation and supporting resilience, in helping countries deliver progress on Climate Change in synergy with the Convention on Biological Diversity goals.
More partnerships and more dedicated finances are needed for investing more in marine nature solutions. Ocean needs international challenge for investing in resilience.
Ocean and climate challenge will be an important issue of the WCC in Hawaii next year and as well at the fourth International Marine Protected Areas Congress in Chile in 2017. It has to be discussed at CBD COP 13 in Mexico next year.
Ocean and climate change Challenge has to be in the futures negotiations of UNFCCC.
The Marine Protected Area Agency Partnership says networks of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) cannot halt climate change but can greatly assist with adapting to it and with mitigating its effects. MPAs have to be considered as nature-based solutions for climate resilience by building the resilience of coastal and marine ecosystems.
When it comes to Climate change, there are actually three main streams where MPAS and science and knowledge are intimately linked, and the main factor to be integrated is Time and Changes over the time.
1st stream : when Science and knowledge are key for establishing representative and resilient MPAs networks
- Knowledge on marine ecosystem functioning and Climate change impacts help to the designation and the establishment of marine protected areas which can preserve marine ecosystem services to climate adaptation, mitigation and above all support resilience.
2nd stream : when managing MPAS, science and knowledge are supporting for well and effective MPA management to facing climate change
- MPA management plans should address climate change adaptation
- The response to climate change by networks of MPAs is enhanced if other stressors and the cumulative impacts of stressors are reduced.
- Processes like Marine Spatial Planning should be used to meet the wider management challenges of achieving sustainable development and biodiversity conservation whilst delivering climate change adaptation and mitigation
3rd stream : MPAs are laboratories and observatories to climate change knowledge and science networking at national, regional and international scales
- MPAs, be they are large or small, coastal or in the high seas, are observatories for studying the evolution of marine ecosystem in relation with climate change (temperature, acidification, pollution, but as well lost and in the best case shift of species ...). MPAS contribute to bring data on climates impacts, migration of species in relation with ocean warming, evolution of marine habitats ( such as coral bleaching)
- MPAs networks can exchange data on climate impacts, share best practices, know-how and build subregional or regional scientific approach. They can develop common strategies to connectivity and refuge areas in relation with climate change issues.